Choosing the Viewpoint and Pre-focusing in Photography

The most effective way to capture the action is with a tightly framed shot as close to the action as possible. Action that is very fast will require brilliant lighting so as not to hamper or reduce the shutter speed. The shutter speed will need to be very fast to capture the action without blurring, unless you’re in a position such as a head-on shot. Consideration should also be given to the background as to whether or not the colour or features will blend with the subject in the frame. A thoughtful camera angle upwards or downwards can give the sense to the viewer of being there or being in the action.The speed of your subject in action photography often means that it is impossible to take clear, focused shots all the time. Prefocusing is an invaluable technique whereby the photographer chooses a designated focus spot anticipating action and then sets his camera to that spot, focusing on the spot before the action arrives, waiting for that moment to capture the action.

The most important factor following the prefocusing is the timing of the shot. An ill-timed shot produces an empty frame or a frame with an out-of-focus image. The photographer’s reaction time should be factored in also. Important for a clear, inspired image is the shutter speed. Working with a fast shutter speed can result in a lifeless photograph if taken at the wrong moment. The photograph must invoke a sense of impending action such as a coiled athlete the moment before springing into action. The moment immediately before the action is often the best moment as the expression on the sportsman’s face and the beginning of the action allows the viewer to imagine ahead to the outcome.Body positions in animals and humans are often the best indicators of motion and speed. The motor vehicle on the other hand is a difficult subject, in that, no matter how fast the vehicle travels, it always looks the same and doesn’t contort or flex to convey that movement or speed of movement to the viewer. Panning the camera during a shot and following the action can also give the impression of movement and speed. A slower shutter speed used to capture a fast moving image whilst following the movement with the camera blurs the background. The speed of the panning motion can also blur the subject slightly, again giving an impression of velocity and whirring movement.

The panning technique again involves the selection of a pre-focus spot. Determine the anticipated course of the action, focus on the spot and then as the action approaches frame your subject, follow the movement and activate the shutter as you move the camera with your subject in the frame, remembering to follow through with the movement to avoid distorting the image.Taking action photographs can sometimes cause the photographer to forget about the background. The background should highlight the subject and create a striking contrast. It should not be cluttered nor contain brightly coloured or brightly lit objects which will detract from the subject and catch the viewer’s eye. Adjusting the depth of field is a good way to soften the impact of a bright and busy background, causing a slight blur and softening of the background, causing it to recede away from the viewer’s attention. Careful choice of a background can contribute to the effectiveness and mood of the shot.

Everything You Need To Know About Digital Photography Equipment

Digital cameras are in vogue today and almost everyone carries one everywhere. It reminds one of the Japanese tourists in Europe or America decades ago who became the best ambassadors of Canon, Ikon, Yashika and other famous brands. Today the same companies are manufacturing digital photography equipment and competing with other digital firms around the world. Good and sharp results have always been the requirements of the photographer and digital products do offer the best there is in the world today.

But it is not only about digital cameras alone! One also need several other equipment as ancillaries before your collection of a digital studio or even that small hobby room is complete. With computers controlling the processing and printing of photographs, it is essential to learn a bit of information technology as well to be successful in the use of digital photography equipment.What equipment do we require for Digital Photography? Quite obviously the first piece of equipment is a digital camera! The market is full of different makes and models of this product and one need to be very careful in choosing one for their use. For a novice the basic models will suffice while for the professional one may go for a SLR model that is much more sophisticated and has a lot of useful features.

The memory chip or key is an essential part of the digital camera and depending on the usage is rated in terms of MB capacity of storage, just like a hard disk or RAM memory chip.The batteries used in digital photography equipment are important and only Nickel Metal Hydride or NIMH rechargeable cells must be used. The charger is an important part of the digital equipment and a 4-cell charger is recommended. At least 8 to 10 hours charging is required for the batteries to retain a useful charge life.